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On the far north-eastern side of the Wirral Peninsula, east of the B5151 road, near Bidston village is Bidston Hill which is 70 metres high. On the summit stands the famous Bidston Hill Observatory (part of The Institute of Oceanographic Sciences). Close by there are two sets of rock carvings differing in age from the 9th century AD up to a much more recent 18th century !
On a long flat sandstone outcrop just north east of the observatory is a four and half foot long carving of a sun goddess with outstretched arms. The head of the goddess faces the direction to where the sun sets on Midsummer's day. Also, there is a carving of a cat-headed Moon goddess with a moon at her feet. These carvings are thought to have been done by Viking settlers in the area - probably the 9th-10th century AD. However, one source put the age of the carvings as being Gallo-Roman from the 2nd century AD.
A short distance away another stone outcrop north of the observatory has the figure of a horses head carved onto it. On its neck there is a carved sun symbol. However, the age of this rock carving is uncertain -some historians think it could be more recent - perhaps the 18th century ? the sun symbol may be older. There is a stone with a hollow cut into it that collects rain water just beyond Bidston Hill; this however is again fairly recent - being used for the horrid sport of cock fighting.
Bidston Hill is associated with Arthurian legend. It is thought that Sir Gawain brought the Holy Grail with him when he travelled this way, and there are connections here with St Joseph of Arimathea, Jesus' uncle.