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Interesting facts about the Wirral Peninsula
1) The Wirral Peninsula covers an area of 60.35 square miles and is joined to mainland England at the north western tip of the county of Cheshire.The peninsula is actually completely surrounded by water officially making it an island, although it's southern border at Ellesmere Port is actually at the site of the man made Shropshire Union Canal.
2) Despite it's small size the peninsula boasts no less than 1,900 listed buildings, 215 churches, 50 towns and villages, 25 conservation areas, 9 scheduled ancient monument sites, 8 sites of special scientific interest, 10 lighthouses, 5 nature reserves, 4 windmills, 4 historic parks, 2 watermills, one castle and one fort.
3) The indiginous people of the Wirral Peninsula were the Celtic, Cornovii Tribe who lived in the modern day counties of Cheshire, Staffordshire, Shropshire and Clywd.
The oldest known reference to the tribe was mentioned in an historical record written by Roman philosopher Ptolomy in the 2nd century A.D.
The name Cornovii means people of the horn. The word horn pertains to a horned, religious idol that the tribe worshipped.
The Cornovii made their living from salt and copper mining and from the building and running of hill forts, the most famous of which is the Wrekin in Shropshire.
Their tribal capital city was Wroxeter in the county of Shropshire, at one time the fourth largest Roman town in Britain.
The Roman built City of Chester, which is now the county town of Cheshire, was once part of the Cornovii tribal lands.
4) Historians have classified the Wirral Peninsula as the birthplace of England, after the Battle of Brunanburh - present day Bromborough - in 937 brought together the might of England's combined armed forces for the very first time in order to fight the armies of both Norway and Scotland.
5) In 1376 King Richard II designated the entire peninsula with Royal Park status.
6) The peninsula's Leasowe Lighthouse, built in 1763, is the oldest brick built lighthouse in the U.K. The lighhouse was also the first in the country to have a female lighhouse keeper, when Mrs Mary Elisabeth Williams began her service as keeper in 1908.
7) The Wirral's only recognised holiday resort, New Brighton, is home to the United Kingdom's longest promenade at 3.5 kilometres.
As well as having the country's longest promenade the Wirral seaside resort was also the site of other record breakers during it's heyday of the 19th century.
Classified as one of the most elegant seaside resort of the Regency period the town could boast the highest tower in Britain, the largest theatre stage in the world, the largest open air swimming pool in Europe, Britain's first amusements arcade and was the smallest town in the country to have a league football club.
8) Hilbre Island situated one mile off the Wirral coast at West Kirby covers an area of just 11.6 acres and is the United Kingdom's smallest, inhabited island.
9) The Wirral Country Park was Britain's first ever designated country park when it was opened in 1973.
10) The world's first, commercial hovercraft service began on the Wirral Peninsula during the Summer of 1962, when passengers were ferried from the Wirral seaside town of Moreton to Rhyl in North Wales on a Vickers VA - 3 hovercraft.
11) The Ministry of Defence's tidal activity research for the infamous D - Day landings of June 1944 were all taken at Bidston Observatory.
12) In 1947 the Mersey Ferries were the first boats in the world to be installed with fog radar navigation systems.
13) The charitable organisation, The Guide Dogs For The Blind Association, was formed 1934, three years after Britain's first four guide dogs completed their training by German Shepherd breeders Muriel Crooke and Rosamund Bond, whose business was based in New Brighton
14) New Brighton contained a Secret munitions factory during WW2 making Anti Aircraft shells and .303 Rifle bullets. The factory was located inside the tunnels of the New Brighton Palace.
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